The original title: 2018, how to fight environmental protection battle? The year 2018 marks the first year that the entire country has implemented the spirit of the 19 National Congress and the key year for carrying out the "13th Five-Year Plan". China's economy has shifted from rapid growth to high-quality development. Every industry and enterprise should make a firm move in this direction. As an integral part of the material support and green economy of our country's green development, the environmental protection industry is no exception. As a whole, the situation of environmental pollution in China is still grim, with frequent smog and haze, black and smelly urban river water bodies, prominent "Garbage Besieged City", soil pollution, hazardous waste disposal and environmental pollution in rural areas, and a long way to go in terms of pollution control . To lay a good foundation for prevention and control of pollution is a clear and important task for the 19th NPC. It also calls for rapid, sustained and healthy development of the environmental protection industry.
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China's environmental protection industry, ushered in a rare opportunity for development. By 2035, the basic improvement of the ecological environment and the achievement of a beautiful China are basically achieved, indicating that the future state investment in environmental protection will not be weakened. The "Nineteenth National Congress" report set a timetable and a roadmap for eco-environmental protection work, and made it clear the key tasks for the environmental protection industry.
The development of environmental protection industry is the proper meaning of supply-side structural reform. The supply-side structural reform is the main line of the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure in the "13th Five-Year Plan" period. Environmental protection is an important measure to promote supply-side structural reforms. In June 2016, the MEP issued the Guiding Opinions on Actively Enhancing Environmental Protection and Promoting Supply-side Structural Reform, and put forward the general idea and key tasks. Under the impetus of the Central Environmental Inspectorate, various provinces have closed down many "small, casual, indiscriminate and polluting" enterprises that do not meet the emission standards and seriously pollute the environment. Petrochemical, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, coal, cement and other high-pollution, high-energy industry pollution control needs will be further released.
Law enforcement is intensified, which is conducive to the sustained and healthy development of the environmental protection industry. In January 2015, the "strictest" environmental protection law was promulgated; in August, the Law on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution was revised again and VOCs were included in the scope of monitoring; in November, the "Basic Thirteenth Five-year Plan on Environmental Protection" was promulgated; In 2016, the new "Ambient Air Quality Standard" was released; in 2017, the government work report proposed winning the battle to defend the blue sky. The average PM2.5 concentration and days of heavy pollution in "2 + 26" cities in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Provinces are expected to drop by more than 15% on a year-on-year basis. The effect of pollution control is linked with the performance evaluation of local government officials. The "long river system", the Central Environmental Protection Supervision and special rectification actions have all been launched one after another, and the intensity of punishment has never been greater. From 2016 to 2017, the Central Environmental Protection Inspectorate achieved full coverage of 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) nationwide and basically found out the status of national pollution prevention and control. As of August 2017, 18,223 cases have been registered and fined, with a total fine of 728 million yuan. Among them, 1,199 people have been detained and 12,724 people have been held accountable.
Yang Mengshe of the Xinhua News Agency
The role of market allocation of environmental pollution control resources is increasingly apparent. Pollution control with "performance-oriented", the source control + end of governance + governance and other institutional fees and gradually improve. The policy measures are extended from administrative means to legal, administrative and economic means. The enthusiasm and initiative of third parties to control pollution are fully mobilized. Environmental protection taxes, sewage permits and other market-based measures have been introduced, policy dividends gradually appear.
Due to the government investment and residents' need for livable environment, the society is getting more and more attention. Due to huge investment in prevention and control of air pollution, water pollution control equipment and solid waste treatment equipment, the development potential of environmental protection industry is huge . Environmental protection industry should also be fully developed into a pillar industry to meet the needs of ecological environment protection, pollution control and ecological restoration. According to the forecast, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the investment in environmental protection will be about 7.6 trillion yuan (1.6 trillion yuan to 1.8 trillion yuan in 2018), about twice that of the "12th Five-Year Plan". According to the forward industry research institute "Environmental Protection Industry Outlook and Investment Analysis Report" is expected to 2018 energy-saving environmental protection industry output will exceed 7 trillion, reaching 747992000000 yuan. All these, especially with the environmental inspectors normalization, regulatory frequency and intensity of enhancement, atmosphere, water, solid waste and other areas of governance standards to enhance the development of the environmental protection industry ushered in a rare and favorable environment.
Atmospheric governance industry. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (NPC) urged to lay "a guard against the blue sky." Local governments at all levels attach great importance to air pollution, especially to smog management, and will drive the formation and development of the air pollution control market. With the completion of the ultra-low-emission reform in the power sector, the main battlefield for pollution control will shift to the non-electricity sector. Clean energy will be given attention, especially in the heating season, air pollution control is referred to the agenda, will promote the rapid development of related industries.
Water Management Industry. According to the requirements of "Article 10 of Water", the built-up areas in key cities should basically eliminate black-odor water bodies by the end of 2017, and the task is arduous. There is a huge demand for investment in water pollution control. According to relevant estimates, the total social investment required to complete the "Water Ten Articles" will have to reach 4.6 trillion yuan. In addition, under the PPP model, the upgrading of sewage treatment plants and the non-point source pollution remediation in rural areas will continue to drive the demand for water treatment. With the completion of large-scale construction of water pollution control facilities, operation and maintenance of water treatment facilities will focus on the development of the environmental protection industry.
Soil Repair Industry. With the promulgation of the Soil Pollution Prevention Law, it is expected to provide a healthier and more sustainable business model for soil pollution control and rehabilitation industries. In the fiscal year 2017 announced by the Ministry of Finance, the soil-specific budget is 11.2 billion yuan. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the soil remediation industry is expected to be substantially boosted, boosting more than 5 trillion yuan of investment; related industries and enterprises will rapidly develop and grow.
Solid Waste Treatment Industry. With the introduction of environmental protection policies and regulations, especially the introduction of a recycling development pilot project, the prices of downstream products in the renewable resource industry will be somewhat improved. The waste disposal industry will gradually increase in volume driven by the PPP model, with high levels of hazardous waste disposal, household waste, The resource utilization and harmless treatment industries such as food waste and electronic waste will be rapidly developed. The convergence of "two networks" has become a hot spot in the industry, and the performance of the solid waste treatment industry will also be improved.
Environmental Monitoring Industry. Monitoring of pollution sources, monitoring of ecosystems, and monitoring of emissions from fixed and mobile sources in urban areas will have a great demand on monitoring instruments. Under the guidance of such policies as vertical regulatory reform, third-party operation and smart environmental protection, the construction of monitoring network will promote the rapid growth of the industry. On September 1, 2017, the MEP held a video conference on the work of monitoring the surface water environment quality of the country. The surface water monitoring and evaluation authority of 2,050 sections will be closed. By the end of July 2018, the construction of automatic water quality monitoring stations will be basically completed Mission, will produce certain needs of testing equipment.
China News Agency Implements Jian Xue She
In 2018, the situation of enterprises relying on mergers and acquisitions to expand their business will continue. However, the scale of mergers and acquisitions tends to be stable and the business integration of mergers and acquisitions companies will gradually be shifted. Concentration of the industry will be enhanced, with the financial advantages of the market share of enterprises will continue to increase; overseas mergers and acquisitions will make up for shortages of domestic technology, while enhancing the international competitiveness of the market.
The modernization we want to build is a modern and harmonious co-existence between man and nature. We must create more material and spiritual wealth to meet the people's growing needs for a better life and provide more quality ecological products to satisfy People's growing ecological environment needs. Therefore, corresponding to the ecological protection, under-forest economy, forest health and other industries have broad prospects for development.
Opportunities and Challenges coexist. The environmental protection industry is a policy-oriented industry. The continuous establishment of environmental supervision and management is conducive to the survival of the fittest of the environmental protection industry and a powerful starting point for the supply-side structural reform and industrial upgrading. Technological innovation is a major challenge for the development of the environmental protection industry. Only with advanced and applicable technologies can enterprises have a place in the highly competitive market. Seize the opportunities for the development of environmental protection enterprises, we must continue to carry out technological innovation, change the vicious competition among enterprises, competition for the status quo of funds and prices, relying on technological competition, talent competition, competition in services to gain competitive advantage; must increase the common key technologies Efforts will be made to speed up the integration of production, learning and research to seize the high ground and remain invincible in the international competition.
(former title: 2018 environmental industry opportunities and challenges coexist)
(The author of the State Council Development Research Center researcher)
Editor: Zhang Jianli
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